Basic book citation format
The APA in-text citation for a book includes the author’s last name, the year, and (if relevant) a page number.
In the reference list, start with the author’s last name and initials, followed by the year. The book title is written in sentence case (only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns). Include other contributors (e.g. editors and translators) and the edition if specified.
|Format||Last name, Initials. (Year). Book title. (Contributor initials, last name, role.) (Edition). City, State/Country: Publisher.|
|Example||Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism. London, UK: Verso.|
|In-text citation||(Anderson, 1983, p. 23)|
7th edition changes
In the 7th edition of the APA manual, the publisher location is no longer included. For example:
Anderson, B. (1983). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origins and spread of nationalism. Verso.
Ebooks and online books in APA
To cite a book you accessed online, replace information about the publisher with information about the book’s format and location online.
Books accessed on e-readers
A citation of an ebook (i.e. a book accessed on an e-reader) includes the ebook format in square brackets. Add a DOI where available, and otherwise link to the page where the ebook can be purchased or accessed.
Since ebooks sometimes do not include page numbers, APA recommends using other methods of identifying a specific passage in your in-text citations – for example, a chapter or section title or a paragraph number.
|Format||Last name, Initials. (Year). Book title [ebook format information]. Retrieved from URL or https://doi.org/xxxxxx|
|Example||Burns, A. (2018). Milkman [Kindle version]. Retrieved from https://amzn.to/2ObKrVf|
|In-text citation||(Burns, 2018, para. 15)|
Books accessed online
A book accessed through a web browser (for example, in PDF form or on Google Books) follows a slightly different format:
|Format||Last name, Initials. (Year). Book title. Retrieved from URL or https://doi.org/xxxxxxxx|
|Example||Brück, M. (2009). Women in early British and Irish astronomy: Stars and satellites. https:/doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2473-2|
|In-text citation||(Brück, 2009, p. 15)|
7th edition changes
The 7th edition of the APA manual provides an updated format for ebooks and online books. Ebook format information is no longer included, the name of the publisher is included, and the words “Retrieved from” are no longer necessary before a URL:
Burns, A. (2018). Milkman. Faber & Faber. https://amzn.to/2ObKrVf
Citing a chapter from an edited book
When citing a particular chapter from a book containing texts by various authors (e.g. a collection of essays), begin the citation with the author of the chapter and mention the book’s editor(s) later in the reference. A page range identifies the chapter’s location in the book:
|Format||Last name, Initials. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initials. Last name (Ed. or Eds.), Book title (pp. page range). Publisher. DOI if available|
|Example||Belsey, C. (2006). Poststructuralism. In S. Malpas & P. Wake (Eds.), The Routledge companion to critical theory (pp. 51–61). New York, NY: Routledge.|
|In-text citation||(Belsey, 2006, p. 55).|
Citing a single volume
When citing from one volume of a multivolume book, the format varies slightly depending on whether each volume has a title or just a number.
If the volume has a specific title, this should simply be written as part of the title in your reference list entry:
Eliot, T. S. (2015). The poems of T. S. Eliot: Vol. 1. Collected and uncollected poems (Ricks, C., & McCue, J., Eds.). London, England: Faber & Faber.
If the volume is only numbered, not titled, the volume number is not italicized and appears in parentheses after the title:
Dylan, B. (2005). Chronicles (Vol. 1). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.
Citing a multivolume book as a whole
If you refer to the book in general, you may wish to cite the whole thing rather than a specific volume. In this case, individual volume titles are not included even if they do exist:
Eliot, T. S. (2015). The poems of T. S. Eliot (Vols. 1–2) (Ricks, C., & McCue, J., Eds.). London, England: Faber & Faber.
Where to find the information for an APA book citation
All the information you need to cite a book can usually be found on the title page and the copyright page:
The APA reference list entry for the book above would look like this:
Butler, C. (2002). Postmodernism: A very short introduction. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.