1.Vietnam – 2.1%
Obesity is rare in Vietnam, with just 2.1 percent of the population classified as obese. So, what’s the problem with the Vietnamese being so skinny? Vietnam, like every other developing nation, has a high rate of poverty. According to the United Nations, nearly 10% of the Vietnamese population lives in poverty, so it comes as no surprise that many Vietnamese go hungry. However, poverty isn’t the only factor stopping Vietnamese people from losing weight. Obesity is also kept at bay by the Vietnamese diet, consisting primarily of rice, vegetables, and fish. Furthermore, Vietnamese culture emphasizes living a healthy life, which involves eating the right foods in the right amounts.
2.Bangladesh – 3.6%
Bangladesh is the world’s second thinnest nation, with just 3.6 percent of the population obese. Poverty, which leads to hunger and malnutrition, is the key reason why Bangladeshis are so thin. Food insecurity affects 40% of Bangladesh’s population, according to the UN World Food Programme (WFP). Hunger has an especially harsh effect on children, with many of them experiencing stunted growth as a result. According to the World Food Program, stunting affects 36 percent of Bangladeshi children under five.
3.Timor-Leste (East Timor) – 3.8%
The obesity rate in Timor-Leste, also known as East Timor in English, is just 3.8 percent. It’s yet another country where hunger is a major issue. According to the Global Hunger Index for 2020, East Timor has the second-highest hunger index. East Timorese’s inability to produce enough food domestically, which is worsened by climate change, is one reason for the country’s food insecurity.
4.India – 3.9%
Obesity affects just 3.9 percent of the Indian population. India, unlike East Timor, produces enough food to sustain its entire population. Despite this, a significant number of Indians continue to be food insecure. In 2020, 189.2 million people in India were undernourished, according to the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). In India, food waste is one of the leading causes of hunger, with 40% of vegetables and 30% of cereals not reaching consumers and being wasted.
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5.Cambodia – 3.9%
Cambodia has the same 3.9 percent obesity rate as India. The country’s population simply cannot be fed. Armed conflicts have drained natural resources. Natural disasters frequently strike the region, wreaking havoc on agriculture and food production. In Cambodia, seasonal shortages are common. Every year, two-thirds of the country’s households experience seasonal shortages. Approximately 40% of Cambodian children are chronically malnourished, resulting in stunted growth.
6.Nepal – 4.1%
Obesity affects just 4.1 percent of Nepalese citizens. Nepal is one of Asia’s poorest nations. In 2019, 39 percent of Nepal’s population was poor, with 8% of the population living in severe poverty. Like that of other developing countries, Nepal’s agricultural production is insufficient to feed the country’s population. However, in the last 20 years, the situation has changed. In 2000, Nepal’s Global Hunger Index score was 37.4, but by 2020, it had fallen to 19.5.
7.Japan – 4.3%
Japan, unlike the rest of the world’s ten thinnest nations, is neither poor nor developing. Quite the opposite is true. It is one of the world’s wealthiest and most developed nations. So, why are just 4.3 percent of Japanese citizens overweight? Diet plays a major role in Japan’s low obesity rate. The Japanese avoid foods rich in saturated fat, salt, or sugar. They also avoid processed foods like those found at McDonald’s to a large extent. It’s also important to note how the Japanese eat. They eat in smaller amounts and don’t snack much in between meals. For Japanese children to grow up to be healthy adults, good nutrition is instilled in their minds in elementary school. The Japanese have also managed to introduce a large amount of physical activity into their everyday lives.
8.Ethiopia – 4.5%
Over the last few decades, Ethiopia has developed a reputation for being plagued by drought and malnutrition. In a country where nearly 8 million people are food insecure, just 4.5 percent of Ethiopians are obese. The majority of the country’s population relies on agriculture, which is heavily reliant on rain, which is often scarce. Ethiopia has recently undergone a series of droughts, which have been worsened by other natural disasters, armed conflict, and severe poverty.
9.South Korea – 4.7%
South Korea, like Japan, is a developed nation. Obesity affects just 4.7 percent of South Koreans. The South Korean diet, like that of Japan, is low in fat and processed foods. South Koreans, on the other hand, eat a lot of vegetables and seafood. They eat smaller meals and incorporate exercise into their everyday lives, much like the Japanese.
10.Eritrea – 5%
Eritrea, an East African republic, is also afflicted by hunger. It’s no wonder that just 5% of the country’s population is overweight. At the moment, the world can only feed a third of its population. The remaining two-thirds must depend on international assistance, which is particularly difficult in a country where the government does not always treat aid organizations well, even expelling them at times. The Eritrean government has repeatedly denied that the country is facing a food crisis.